The Coral Reef Biomes : The Environmental Effects Of Coral Reefs 2010 Words 9 Pages The ocean is two-thirds of our planet a vast blue landscape home to many biomes which according to Boyce Thorne-Miller “(ecosystem types) corresponding to sets of environmental conditions that vary with depth, latitude, and longitude” (16). Often called ‘rainforests of the sea,’ coral reefs are home to a spectacular variety of organisms. A coral reef is an underwater ecosystem characterized by reef-building corals. Even though this biome only makes up a little more than 20% of the biomes, it is very important because there are many different marine animals that live in and around the coral reefs. The largest coral reef in the world, the Great Barrier Reef, has about 500 species of algae, as well as blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) that is responsible for the formation of red, purple, green or brown tufts on the coral reef. The coral benefits by utilizing some photosynthates that leak off the algae, hence offering the algae a safer environment to thrive inside the polyps. If the coral reefs were gone most of the species will die due to adaptions, which in this case will be a problem in the food chain. One of the biggest biomes is the Coral Reef Biome. Under the sea life it's very colourful with many colonies of tiny underwater animals. Although accounting for only a tiny fraction of the total surface area of the sea, the coral reef biome is nonetheless home to nearly 25% of all known marine species . The coral reef biome is one of the most important and distinctive types of biological communities found on Planet Earth. Reduce the use of lawn and garden chemicals. Unsustainable fishing practices in coral reef areas can lead to the loss of ecologically and economically important fish species. The largest coral reef biome in the world is found in the Northeast of Australia. Changes in storm patterns: leads to stronger and more frequent storms that can cause the destruction of coral reefs. The most diverse coral reef is found around Indonesia. The sea anemone has long tentacles that offer protection to fish and their eggs. Figure 1. For example, in Florida, the most recent real reefs end near Miami, although specific coral types can be seen up through Carolinas. Over half a billion people globally depend on coral reef ecosystems for food, income from tourism and fisheries, and coastal protection (Hoegh-Guldberg, 2011). Coral reefs are formed in the deep sea away from these shelves, often around oceanic islands or as atolls (ring-shaped coral reef, consisting of a coral rim that encircles a lagoon). The seagrass is critical to supporting life of organisms that live inside the coral reefs. Climate change affects coral reef ecosystems by increasing sea surface temperatures and leads to coral bleaching, disease, sea level rise and storm activity.Additionally, increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere changes ocean chemistry and harms reef-building corals. Although coral reef makes up just 1 percent of the ocean floor, they are home to approximately 25% of life in the ocean. Today, there is rampant destructive bleaching throughout the world as many are being exterminated by the warm water resulting from global warming and changing levels of PH due to carbon emissions. Other red algae kinds appear much bigger as seaweeds. The post Coral Reef Biome: Location, Precipitation, Climate, Plants and Animals appeared first on Earth Eclipse. Coral Reef Biome: Home; About; Climate/Location; Plants & Animals; Credits; Marsa Alam. The color variation is as a result of the zooxanthellae and natural pigments in their tissues. }, 5 wardrobe essentials you should add to your summer fashion closet. Coral reefs need sunlight since individual polyps, which contribute to the growth of corals, contain symbiotic algae. by Ellen, Abigail, Jordan, and Hannah climate and location. This means their habitats are limited to waters ranging from 23°N to 23°S latitude. Climate change could destroy almost all of Earth's coral reef habitats by 2100, according to new research. While coral reef is an animal, it is symbiotic in nature, as microscopic plants thrive inside the coral and they exchange nutrients. There are over 50 species of mangroves on the globe. This means that temperature and climate in the Great Barrier Reef is sub-tropical in the south, getting more tropical as you head north. Other forms of green algae that exist in the coral reef include sea grapes and sea lettuce. Come along. 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