Embrace your creativity. From the Spanish-American War to the recent conflicts in the Middle East, the Red Cross has served alongside America’s military personnel and cared for veterans and families back home. Clara and her four older siblings were raised on a small farm by their parents Sarah Stone and Stephen Barton. Even while the Red Cross adapts to meet the changing needs of the people we serve, we always stay true to those roots. At school Clara didn't interact with other children. She cooked food and gave the injured care. The Red Cross developed the first nationwide civilian blood program in the 1940s and we still provide more than 40% of the blood products in this country. Clara led the American Red Cross from 1881 to 1904. When the United States declared war on Germany, the American Red Cross was tasked with aiding American servicemen in Europe. ", - Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Address to Congress, June 18, 1945. Clara Barton is considered one of the greatest nurses ever. Recorded in her journal as April 13, 1898 . In addition to mobilizing more than 20,000 nurses and building 54 hospitals overseas, the Red Cross provided a way for patriotic men, women and children back home to contribute to war relief. During this time, the organization was responsible for 18 peacetime relief efforts and relief work during the Spanish-American War. Capstone, 2007 - Juvenile Nonfiction - 112 pages. Clara wrote down words dying soldiers wanted to pass on to their families. Red Cross provided emergency communications from family members and facilitated calls and letters home from wounded service members. "Clara Barton's 1898 battles in Cuba: a reexamination of her nursing contributions." Clara formed the American Red Cross in 1881. By Cole Summers Clara Barton is considered one of the greatest nurses ever. She wanted the American Red Cross to help the victims of natural disasters, not just war, and she later persuaded the International Red Cross to do that too. Did you know we’ve been offering similar training since the early 1900s? Established in 1912, public health nursing provided first aid education and nursing care to underserved communities. Each volunteer service was assigned a color which was reflected in the detachable collar and cuffs. Florida Atlantic Comparative Studies Journal 12.1 (2010). Barbara A. Somervill. Clara formed the American Red Cross in 1881. Since our founding by Clara Barton on May 21, 1881, the American Red Cross has been dedicated to serving people in need. Clara Barton was an inspiration to many people. Nursing education was not very formalized at that time and Clara did not attend nursing school. For more information about our history, contact American Red Cross Historical Programs ». One day she met Dr. Louis Appia and Henri Dunant who had founded the International Red Cross, which helped people who had been hurt in war. Clara's students liked her and learned a lot, because she treated them with respect and joined them in many activities. During her childhood, she was very shy, and her older brothers and sisters were always bossing her around. Torn over the issues of slavery and states' rights, the North and the South battled against each other in the deadliest American conflict ever fought. In fact, as you read this Red Cross staff and volunteers are still deploying alongside America’s military. By the end of the war, nearly one-third of all Americans had donated in support of the Red Cross effort or were serving as volunteers. It was gifted, by the Armenian people in 1991, to the American Red Cross to commemorate Red Cross relief after the devastating 1988 Spitak earthquake. We received our first congressional charter in 1900 and to this day we are tasked by the federal government with providing services to members of the American armed forces and their families as well as providing disaster relief in the United States and around the world. Assistant Field Director “Pete” Murray carries comfort supplies in a hand grenade box. When the United States entered World War I, the American Red Cross launched a massive campaign for the home front to knit wool clothing articles for the armed forces in Europe. Representing the concept of mercy, these marble busts entitled Faith, Charity, and Hope are original to the building and have been in the windows since 1917. But it was only for campgrounds, where there was no fighting. Clara took care of David for two years before he recovered. In Washington, D.C., humanitarians Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons found the American National Red Cross, an organization established to provide humanitarian aid to … She stayed and worked for the Red Cross during wars. So she did. She felt that she had to help. Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross. In 1905, Clara formed the National First Aid Society to teach people how to give first aid and save lives even when health workers are not there. Clinic for French Children by Cameron Burnside. Appia talked with Clara about The Red Cross and its work. Located on the grounds of Red Cross Square (E Street/18th Street NW), Red Cross Emblem, created in 2003 is dedicated to volunteerism and the volunteer spirit of the Red Cross. Working Women: Clara Barton; Clara Barton the Activist. But the physician was wrong. The sculpture was commissioned by The American Red Cross Overseas Association (ARCOA) and honors all those that gave their lives in service to the Red Cross. In some rural communities, nurses traveled by horseback to reach remote locations. But months went by and Congress had not yet signed the treaty to join the International Red Cross, so Clara founded the American Red Cross, and became its first President. The photo above was part of Hampton Dunn's personal collection in 1982 and at the time was only one of two known in existence. The American Red Cross National Headquarters Building, Completed in 1917 and still functioning today as an office for Red Cross staff, the “Beaux Arts” style building is dedicated to “The Heroic Women of the Civil War.”, Busts of Faith, Charity, and Hope by Hiram Powers. At age seventeen, Clara's mother had a man "read" Clara's strengths and weaknesses. Located on the grounds of Red Cross Square (E Street/17th Street NW), Motherland features a woman protectively embracing her child. Under Barton’s leadership the American Red Cross provided aid to 30,000 victims with donations of food, clothing, seeds, tools, and lumber to help rebuild homes. The Red Cross provided recreation activities for service members while facilitating more than 2 million emergency communications between service members and their families. Maybe you’ve taken a class through the Red Cross, such as first aid certification or how to swim. When Clara came back to America, she tried to convince President Rutherford Hayes, the Secretary of State and Congress to have the U.S. join the International Red Cross. She was a nurse on the battlefield, providing care to soldiers. Portrait of Clara Barton by Mathilde M. Leisenring. Clarissa Harlowe Barton—teacher, government employee, and humanitarian—founded the American Red Cross in 1881. She was a leader who taught American society that we can help people who are caught in disasters. Her physician had urged her to go because the Europeans would not know her and she could stop working. Clarissa “Clara” Barton is most widely acknowledged as the founder of the American branch of the Red Cross. Located in the memorial garden, The Red Cross Spirit depicts Red Cross workers helping a fallen soldier. Today, as throughout our long history, the Red Cross depends on generous contributions of time, blood, and money from the American public to support our lifesaving services and programs. A “Donut Dollie” offers coffee to soldiers taking a break from the fighting. One day she broke that permit. 1821 - 1912. Since our founding by Clara Barton on May 21, 1881, the American Red Cross has been dedicated to serving people in need. On the battlefield, she would provide care to all soldiers, Union or Confederate. In honor of Women’s History Month, Carol Starre-Kmiecik visited the Mentor Library to talk about the life of Clara Barton, battlefield nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, while in character as Clara. online Get "Save Lives. During the Korean Conflict, Red Cross services grew. Early Life Barton was born Clarissa Harlowe Barton on December 25, 1821, in Oxford, Massachusetts. Take a class and be ready to respond if an emergency strikes. Publicize efforts to improve nurses' working conditions. While Clara Barton died in 1912, she left a legacy of programs she created: to aid disaster victims; to educate the public on life-saving skills and emergency preparation; to improve the lives of armed service members and their families; and to reconnect family members live on in the Red Cross. She invented new ways to solve big health problems and saved many lives. Stylish 1948 Military and Naval Welfare service coats came with hats and in both topcoats or raincoats with liners. She was persistent at her work and she accomplished many things, even though it was hard then for women to work outside the home. View highlights of the collection shown on the public tour. In 1859, Swiss businessman Henry Dunant was traveling in northern Italy when he witnessed the aftermath of a bloody battle between Franco-Sardinian and Austrian forces near the small village of Solferino.The fighting had left some 40,000 troops dead, wounded or missing, and both the armies, as well as the residents of the region, were ill-equipped to deal with the situation.By 1862, Dunant published a book, A Memory of Solf… Portrait of Clara Barton, 1860s or 1870s. While the collection is closed, you can still experience our historical and current treasures these different ways! We received our first congressional charter in 1900 and to this day we are tasked by the federal government with providing services to members of the American armed forces and their families as well as providing disaster relief in the United States and around the world. With federal funding, Clara Barton established the first office of the American Red Cross in her Washington, D.C. apartment on May 21, 1881. On April 12, 1912, Clara Barton died in her home in Glen Echo, Maryland. The Signing of the Treaty of Geneva by Charles Edouard Armand-Dumaresq. Clara's family urged her to do teaching. She tried very hard to get a permit to give first aid on the battlefield, and finally, she did. Years later, she went to the U.S. government and worked in the Patent Office in Washington, DC, granting permits for inventions. Later, after seeing a group of boys doing nothing on a sidewalk, Clara opened a school where all people, rich or poor, could attend. Are you familiar with the classic images of Red Cross nurses helping American soldiers and civilian war victims during World War I? Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881 and remained at its helm until 1904. The American Red Cross was founded in 1881, and Barton served as its first president. Have you ever given blood or received donated blood? The emergency mobile recreation service served all United Nations forces. Individual items belonging to Clara Barton over the years. bumper stickers to share. Located in the memorial garden, the Jane Delano Memorial is dedicated to the founder of the Red Cross Nursing Service and all Red Cross nurses. "The Red Cross…has often seemed to be the friendly hand of this nation, reaching across the sea to sustain its fighting men. Artifacts in the case include Barton’s field desk, diary from 1904, infant night shirt, and armband and medals from the Franco-Prussian war. Later, she found 22,000 soldiers who were marked "missing.". 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